By Penny Livingston-Stark

Observe, Collect Data, Observe

SITE
Available Resources – Acreage, Building Materials, Access, Fertility, Water, Energy sources etc.
Constraints
Water Flows – Annual Rainfall
Temperatures – Extreme highs and lows as well as seasonal averages
Solar Access - Insolation
Elevation and Slope
Wind Patterns – Yearly average as well as seasonal patterns
Wildlife Pathways, Riparian Zones, Hedgerows, Forests
Adjacent Property and Watershed Influences, Neighbors, Culture/Ext Community
Soil – Texture, Structure, fertility
Drainage
Geology
Utilities, Above and Below Ground,
Existing Structures and Roads,
History – Sacred sites, burial sites

SOIL
Soils Map Available from the Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) or Resource Conservation District (RCD)
Soil Analysis available from Agricultural Extension Service
Texture - Proportion of Clay/Sand/Silt
Structure – Available Nutrients, Organic Matter, Airation/Compaction –Soil Health
Erosion Concerns
Vegetation

WATER
Water Flows, Creeks, Seeps, Ponds, Lakes Etc
Water Rights
Surface And Subsurface Water Rainfall Rattern
Grey And Black Water Potential
Water Harvesting And Storage Potential

PLANTS
Existing Vegetation, Species, Size and Health
Indicator Plants
Resource Plants
Detrimental Plants (Invasive Species)
Habitat Species

ANIMALS
Existing Animals, Domestic and Wild
Human Impacts
Animal Pathways
Nests
Food, Shelter, Water Sources

PERSONAL CONSIDERATIONS
Longterm Goals, Wants and Needs
Community interactions and impact
Use of Space