Ponds are one form of collected freshwater and this hotspot enables plant growth and provides a habitat for fish species, breeding ground or temporary home for amphibians that are currently going extinct due to the chytrid fungus. A shallow, nutrient rich and exposed to sunlight and with little water flowing with algae and aquatic plants serves as a mini ecosystems that improve water quality and can be implemented in urban spaces, attracting species into a space where humans dominate. This small body of water is a small space that slows down water movement allowing for nutrients to accumulate (eutrophication), sediment to sink while filtering water. They also have been found to hold a greater diversity of species, for example in the City of London a set of ponds were more diverse than nearby lakes. Amphibians and dragonflies use ponds as their network as migration, traveling between each. Garden ponds especially contribute to local species richness acting as a temporary habitat, creating a meeting spot for organisms.

With the increase of development and infrastructure the need for ponds and other freshwater habitats will be a crucial factor in maintaining species, these hotspots act as a corridor for the movement of species and increase their populations. Ponds are one way to reduce surface runoff that causes flooding while adding to the ambiance of a space.


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